The popularity of electric vehicles (EVs) as a greener substitute for traditional gasoline-powered cars is rapidly increasing. These automobiles are quieter, emit fewer pollutants, and have the potential to be more cost-efficient over time. With the increasing demand for EVs, there is also a growing need for advanced cooling systems.
EV cooling pumps play a vital role in regulating the temperature of critical components, such as the vehicle’s battery, motor, and power electronics. This is important because overheating can damage these components, decrease performance, and cause safety hazards. In addition, these pumps ensure that the vehicle operates effectively and safely.
Listed below are four typical applications of EV cooling pumps and their importance in ensuring the optimal performance of electric vehicles:
The battery pack is an essential component of an EV, generating significant heat during operation. This heat can severely damage the battery cells, shorten their lifespan, and create safety hazards. Therefore, an EV cooling pump is utilized to circulate coolant through the cells to maintain the battery at an optimal temperature. This process absorbs the heat produced and carries it away from the cells.
Two primary types of cooling pumps are utilized for battery cooling: mechanical and electric. Belt-driven mechanical pumps are rarely used because they consume engine energy, reducing vehicle efficiency. Alternatively, electric pumps powered by an electric motor are preferred and are quickly becoming a requirement for EV cooling systems.
While in operation, the electric motor in an EV generates heat that could cause the engine to fail. To avoid this, an EV cooling pump is utilized to circulate coolant through the motor, ensuring it remains at a safe operating temperature. Efficient motor cooling is also critical for the EV’s performance and efficiency, enabling the engine to operate at maximum power output for extended periods.
Electric pumps are the industry standard for motor cooling in EVs, and centrifugal pumps are the most commonly used type. However, the pump and system design are determined by several factors, including the motor’s power output and the manufacturer’s preferences.
Power Electronics Cooling
Power electronics components play a vital role in managing the flow of electricity throughout an EV. This includes controlling the current and voltage of the battery, the speed and torque of the motor, and other auxiliary systems. However, these components generate a considerable amount of heat, making it crucial to use EV cooling pumps to prevent overheating.
The cooling pumps are typically designed to facilitate liquid cooling, which is more effective at dissipating heat than air cooling. An electric pump, powered by the vehicle’s electrical system, circulates the coolant through the power electronics components.
HVAC System Cooling
The HVAC system is responsible for maintaining the temperature and humidity levels inside the vehicle cabin. To accomplish this, the system utilizes an evaporator to extract heat from the air and a refrigerant to reduce the temperature.
An EV cooling pump circulates coolant through the HVAC system to cool the evaporator, ensuring refreshing air. The coolant is typically a water-glycol mixture diffused by an electric pump powered by the vehicle’s power system.
Partner With Tark for High-Quality Cooling Pumps and Solutions
Tark has over 35 years of experience providing cutting-edge pumps and comprehensive cooling solutions to various industries! Our state-of-the-art technologies improve cooling efficiency while reducing footprint, noise, and weight. We also pride ourselves on our ability to tailor our designs to match the specific needs of each of our customers.
Get in touch with us today to learn more about our capabilities or to set up a consultation for your cooling system needs!